HELLENIC ORDERS AND DECORATIONS
Admission into an Order and the conferment of the relevant insignia constitute a public acknowledgement of outstanding services rendered to Greece or exceptional achievement in an area of public life, such as in science, arts and letters, commerce, industry or shipping. The insignia is conferred by the Head of State.
The first Greek Order, modelled on the Orders of other European countries, was established in 1829, to express the gratitude of the Nation to those who had played an active role in its liberation.
Each Order has 5 classes
- The Grand Cross
- The Grand Commander
- The Commander
- The Officer of the Gold Cross
- The Knight of the Silver Cross
The conferment of the Grand Cross of the Order of the Redeemer constitutes the highest distinction of all.
Those who have been awarded any class of an Order are entitled to keep the insignia for life and to pass it on to their heirs as a keepsake. Formerly the insignia was returned on the death of the recipient.
The incumbent President of the Republic is the Master of all Orders, who has the power to allow admission into the Orders and to confer the respective insignia in accordance with article 46 paragraph 2 of the Constitution and the provisions of Law 106/1975. Recommendations regarding the choice of persons to whom distinctions may be awarded are submitted to the President of the Republic by the Council of Orders and Decorations, which meets at least once a year. In order to confer an award of distinction, the President of the Republic issues a decree, which must be countersigned by the Minister of Foreign Affairs and published in the Government Gazette.